Experimental Phonetics, Hilary Term 2018
Reading List


Lass, N.J. (1996) Principles of Experimental Phonetics. Mosby.

Robson, C. (1973, 1983) Experiment, Design and Statistics in Psychology: an introduction. Penguin. A cheap, brief introduction.

Foster, J. J. and I. Parker (1995) Carrying out Investigations in Psychology.BPS Books (British Psychological Society.)

Week 5: Introduction to experiments

Reading: Moll, K. L. and R. G. Daniloff (1971) Investigation of the Timing of Velar Movements during Speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 50, 678-684.

Feynman, R. P. (1995) Six Easy Pieces. Addison Wesley. Pp. 1-3, 23-26.

Ohala, J. J. 1986. Consumer's guide to evidence in phonology. Phonology Yearbook 3.3 - 26.
Ohala, J. J. & Jaeger, J. J. 1986. Introduction. In J. J. Ohala & J. J. Jaeger (eds.), Experimental phonology. Orlando, FL: Academic Press. 1 - 12.

Ohala, J. J. 1992. The costs and benefits of phonological analysis. In P. Downing, S. D. Lima, & M. Noonan (eds.), The Linguistics of Literacy. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: J. Benjamins Pub. Co. 211-237.

Ohala, J. J. 1995. Experimental phonology. In John A. Goldsmith (ed.), A Handbook of Phonological Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. 713-722.

Experimental hygiene

Forced choice: subjects have tacit knowledge and awareness of acoustic cues that they are not explicitly aware of:

West, P. (1999) Perception of distributed coarticulatory properties of English /l/ and /r/. Journal of Phonetics 27, 405-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jpho.1999.0102

Subjects' behaviour in speech perception experiments is biased by what they think the experiment wants to discover:
Goldinger, S. D. and T. Azuma (2003) Puzzle-solving science: the quixotic quest for units in speech perception. Journal of Phonetics 31, 305-320.

Subjects' behaviour in speech perception experiments is biased by cues in the situation where the experiment is carried out:
Hay, J. and K. Drager (2010) Stuffed toys and speech perception. Linguistics 48 (4), 865–892.

Week 6. Some important speech production experiments.

a) Respiratory activity

Lass ch. 2.

Ohala, J. J. (1990) Respiratory activity in speech. In W. J. Hardcastle and A. Marchal, eds. Speech Production and Speech Modelling. Kluwer. 23-53.

Draper, M. H., P. Ladefoged and D. Whitteridge (1959) Respiratory muscles in speech. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 2, 16-27. In Kent, R. D., B. S. Atal and J. L. Miller, eds. (1991) Papers in speech communication: speech production. Acoustical Society of America.

Videos [available from the lab]: Ohala, J. J. (1993) The whole body plethysmograph in speech research. In M. Stone, ed. (1993) Measuring Speech Production, Part One: Respiration, Phonation and Aerodynamics. Acoustical Society of America.

Stathopoulos, E. T. (1993) Aerodynamic and respiratory kinematic measures during speech. In Stone (1993), as above.

b) Phonation

van den Berg, J. (1958) Myoelastic-aerodynamic theory of voice production. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 1, 227-244. Reprinted in Kent et al. (1991).

Hirose, H. and T. Gay (1972) The activity of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles in voicing control: an electromyographic study. Phonetica 25, 140-164. Reprinted in Kent et al. (1991).

Lisker, L. and A. S. Abramson (1964) A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: acoustical measurements. Word 20, 384-422. Reprinted in Kent et al. (1991).

c) Articulation and coarticulation

Lass ch. 1, 3 and 14, Catford chs. 7-10.

Moll, K. L. and R. G. Daniloff (1971) Investigation of the Timing of Velar Movements during Speech. JASA 50, 678-684.

Folkins, J. W. and J. H. Abbs (1975) Lip and jaw motor control during speech: responses to resistive loading of the jaw. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 18, 207-220. Reprinted in Kent et al. (1991).

Whalen, D. H. (1990) Coarticulation is largely planned. Journal of Phonetics 18, 3-35.

Week 7. Some speech perception experiments.

Lass ch. 8.

Cooper, F. S., P. C. Delattre, A. M. Liberman, J. M. Borst and L. J. Gerstman (1952) Some Experiments on the Perception of Synthetic Speech Sounds. JASA vol. 24, no. 6. 597-606.

Delattre, P. C., A. M. Liberman and F. S. Cooper (1955) Acoustic Loci and Transitional Cues for Consonants. JASA vol. 27, no. 4. 769-773.

Miller, G. A. and P. E. Nicely (1955) An analysis of perceptual confusions among some English consonants. JASA vol. 27, 338-352. Reprinted in J. L. Miller, R. D. Kent and B. S. Atal, eds. (1991) Papers in Speech Communication: Speech Perception. Acoustical Society of America.

Lisker, L. and A. S. Abramson (1970) The voicing dimension: some experiments in comparative phonetics. Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Prague, 1967. Reprinted in Miller et al. (1991).