This CD-ROM contains, in the "Software" folder, all the programs that are
presented and explained in the book, and a number of others developed by
third parties, under the license terms stated below and on the separate license
documents included on the CD-ROM.
(1) Programs and data files developed for use on the course:
Programs: autocorr_f0.c, cepstral_f0.c, cepstrum.c, coswave.c, filter.c,
lpc_spectrum.c, lpcana.c, lpcsyn.c, meansof4.c, meansof40.c, multiply.c,
nfsa1.pl, nfst1.pl, normalize.c, riy.par, rms.c, sentence_grammar.pl, slputils.c,
spectrum.c, syllabifications.pl, syllable_grammar.pl, to_frames.c, voicing.c.
Sound files: cosine.wav, joe.dat, joe.wav, joe10k.dat, joe8k.dat, hissy.dat.
(2) Programs provided by permission of Numerical Recipes:
The above have been placed in the public domain by Numerical Recipes.
correl.c, four1.c, memcof.c
The routines in the above files are from the book Numerical Recipes in C. (Cambridge University Press), Copyright © 1987-1992 by Numerical Recipes Software. Used by permission. Use of these routines other than as an integral part of the collection of software on this CD-ROM requires an additional license from Numerical Recipes Software (www.nr.com). Further distribution in any form is prohibited.
(3) A simplified version of the Klatt synthesiser, based on an implementation original written by Jon Iles and Nick Ing-Simmons, who have distributed it widely and publicly under the terms of the Free Software Foundation (see below for more details). It consists of four files:
simple_klatt.c, simple_parwave.c, parwave.h, proto.h
(4) Some simple Prolog programs, presented and discussed in the book.
(5) Third-party software that is general available to be freely downloaded
on the internet, under license terms that allow for copying and distribution
to others. License terms for these are summarised below and, where required,
described in full in files on the CD-ROM .
These files are in three folders: DJGPP, pfe and SLP.
Put the CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive and open it, usually by clicking on
the "My Computer" icon again. Double click on the CD drive (this is usually
drive D). Open the "Software" folder, and select the folders DJGPP, pfe and
SLP. Copy those three folders to your hard drive. (This is usually drive
C, but if you are working on a networked computer in an institutional setting
it may have a different name or letter: it doesn't matter exactly where you
put the SLP folder, as long as you know where it is.) Further installation
notes on individual programs are given below and/or in the book.
4. Help! (If it doesn't work ...)
If installation or compilation of any of the software doesn't work, please
take the following action:
(1) First, read the text in the book or in these notes again. Check
that you are using the right program or file names, and that anything you
have typed is entered correctly. Please pay special attention to capitalization
(2) If that doesn't fix it, please consult the website, www.islp.org.uk, and check through the
bug reports listed there. If there is really something wrong with the software,
chances are that someone else has found it first and has let me know. In that
case, I will provide details on the website about the problem, and suggest
how to fix it.
(3) If that doesn't help, please ask someone you know - someone who knows a thing
or two about PCs and programming - to lend you a hand.
(4) Finally, if and only if both you and your local advisor are very confident
that there is something wrong with the software, go to the website, www.islp.org.uk, and use the form there
to send in a bug report. Please remember two things:
(i) Our disclaimer of warranty (see section 1 above).
(ii) I am very keen to ensure that all genuine problems are resolved properly, with bugs documented and reported on the web site so that other readers can also find out how to fix them. However, I cannot offer any kind of an individual trouble-shooting service. I cannot be your individual tutor or computing support person. I will, of course, do my best to sort out definite faults in my software, for the collective benefit of all who use this book.
5. Using the Command Prompt interface
Many of the programs covered in this course require you to use the Command
Prompt interface to Windows. This is what used to be called "MS-DOS", a text-based
operating system that Microsoft developed before Windows. To install the DJGPP
C compiler, and to compile the C programs in the book, you need to become
familiar with this interface to your computer. Mainly, you just need to follow
the instructions about what to type exactly as they are given below, and
in the book (e.g. in Exercise 2.5).
To open the Command Prompt window, click on the Start button, then click
"Programs", then "Accessories", then "Command Prompt".
There are hundreds if not thousands of textbooks and manuals on MS-DOS.
You should not need to refer to any of them in order to follow this course.
If you want a recommendation, the manual I use is Special Edition Using
MS-DOS 6.22, Second Edition, by Allen L. Wyatt, Bruce Hallberg, Ed Tiley
and Jon Paisley, published in 2000 by Que Corporation. But I'm sure that there
are many other good manuals. The main thing to check is that you use a relatively
As you become more familiar with the Command Prompt interface, you should
begin to feel like a real computer expert!
DJGPP: a C compiler for MS-DOS
A freely available C compiler, GCC, has been available for many different kinds of computer for some time. It is produced by the Free Software Foundation (www.fsf.org), and can only be distributed under copyright terms that require all sources (original programs), not just compiled executable files, to be included along with the executables, in accordance with their philosophy of openness.
D. J. Delorie and other developers have ported GCC to MS-DOS running on Intel 386 or higher processors. Current and earlier versions of this C compiler, DJGPP, can be found at D. J. Delorie’s very informative web site (http://www.delorie.com/djgpp), including a form-based guide to help you determine what zip files to download (when the version supplied here becomes out of date!). Software for version 2.03 is included on this CD-ROM, in the folder Software/DJGPP. The file README.1ST in that folder is a short guide to installation. My even shorter guide is as follows:
w32pl525.exe: the SWI-Prolog interpreter
This is a reliable Edinburgh-standard version of Prolog developed in the
Psychology Department of the University of Amsterdam, and now made freely
available under Free Software Foundation terms (the Lesser GNU Public License).
To install, click on its icon you will be guided step-by-step through
a self-installation process which will create various subdirectories and will
set up file properties so that clicking on files with the suffix “.pl” (for
“Prolog”) will execute them using the SWI-Prolog interpreter.
The SWI-Prolog home page, www.swi-prolog.org, provides a good deal of information about its many virtues.