PHONOLOGY AND PHONETICS TUTORIAL TOPICS
AND READING LIST
In each case, read at least some of the *'ed paper(s) and pick one
the essays to write, where there is more than one option. Titles in red are reprinted in J. A. Goldsmith
(ed.) (1999) Phonological Theory: The Essential
Readings, and are referred to by chapter
thus: [G12] is chapter 12.
Phonology topic 1: Segmentation
Question: "To what extent is it reasonable to regard speech as
consisting of a sequence of discrete segments?"
- Jakobson, R. (1949) On the identification of phonemic entities.
In his Selected Writings,
vol. 1, 418-425.
- Martinet, A. (1949) Phonology
as Functional Phonetics. Publications of the Philological
- Firth, J. R. (1948) Sounds and Prosodies. Transactions of the Philological Society
1948, as well as widely anthologized. E.g. in Firth's Papers in Linguistics 1934-1951.
- Goldsmith, J. (1976) An
overview of Autosegmental Phonology. [G8] A revised version of
chapter 1 of Goldsmith's (1976) PhD thesis, Autosegmental Phonology.
- Caramazza, A., D. Chialant, R. Capasso and G. Micelli (2000)
Separable processing of consonants and vowels. Nature 403, 428-430. Available in
electronic format through the Bodleian website.
Phonology topic 2: Classification
constrast the approaches to the classification of EITHER vowels OR
consonants in the IPA vs. generative phonology.
- Handbook of the International
- On vowels: D. Jones (1918 etc) An
outline of English Phonetics, chapter VIII.
- N. Chomsky and M. Halle (1968) The
Sound Pattern of English, chapter 7.
Phonology topic 3: Cyclicity
- Brame, M. (1974) The cycle in
phonology: stress in Palestinian, Maltese, and Spanish. [G4] Linguistic Inquiry 5,
- Chung, S. (1983) Transderivational relationships in Chamorro
phonology. Language 59 (1), 35-66.
- *Cole, J. (1994) The cycle in phonology. In J. Goldsmith, ed. Handbook
of Phonological Theory. Blackwell.
Essay question: Critically appraise the hypothesis that some
phonological rules apply cyclically.
- Cole, J. S. and J. Coleman (1992) No need for cyclicity in
generative phonology. In J. M. Denton, G. P. Chan and C. P. Canakis,
CLS 28: Papers from the 28th Regional Meeting ofthe Chicago
Linguistic Society Vol. 2: The Parasession. The Cycle in Linguistic
- Szpyra, J. (1992) Ghost segments in nonlinear phonology: Polish
yers. Language 68 (2), 277-312.
- Inkelas, S. (1993) Deriving cyclicity. Phonetics and
Phonology 4: Studies in Lexical Phonology. 75-110.
- Cole, J. (1995) Eliminating cyclicity as a source of complexity
in phonology. In J. Cole, G. M. Green and J. L. Morgan, eds. Linguistics
and Computation. CSLI publications. 255-279.
Phonology topic 4: Lexical phonology and morphology
- Kiparsky, P. (1982) From Cyclic
Phonology to Lexical Phonology. [G3]. In H. van der Hulst and N. Smith, eds. The Structure of Phonological
Representations, Part I, 131-175.
- *Kaisse, M. and P. A. Shaw (1985) On the theory of Lexical
Phonology. Phonology Yearbook 2,1-30. [Overview.]
Application to English
- *Booij, G. and J. Rubach (1984) Morphological and prosodic
domains in Lexical Phonology. Phonology Yearbook 1,
- Kiparsky, P. (1985) Some consequences of Lexical Phonology. Phonology
Yearbook 2, 85-138.
- Rubach, J. (1985) Lexical Phonology: lexical and postlexical
derivations. Phonology Yearbook
2, 157-172. [Short.]
- Halle, M. and K. P. Mohanan (1985) Segmental phonology of modern
English. Linguistic Inquiry
16 (1), 57-116. [Long.]
Phonology topic 5: Metrical phonology of English
- According to Halle and Mohanan (1985), how are the phonological
rules of English ordered? On what evidence?
- What good is the theory of Lexical Phonology?
- Are morphological and metrical structures sufficient to account
for the phonology of words?
- *Liberman, M. and A. Prince (1977) On
stress and linguistic rhythm. [G20] Linguistic Inquiry 8
(2), 249-336. [Long]
Essay title: How is English lexical stress determined,
to the theory of Metrical Phonology?
- Kiparsky, P. (1979) Metrical structure assignment is cyclic. Linguistic
Inquiry 10 (3), 421-441.
- Selkirk, E. O. (1980) The role of prosodic categories in English
word stress. Linguistic Inquiry 11 (3), 563-605.
- Hayes, B. (1982) Extrametricality and English stress. Linguistic
Inquiry 13 (2) 227-276.
- Booij, G. E. (1983) Principles and parameters in prosodic
- Halle, M. (1989) On stress placement and metrical structure. In
C. Wiltshire, R. Graczyk and B. Music (eds.) CLS 25: Papers from
the 25th Annual Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society.
Part One: The General
Session. 157-173. [Fairly easy; recommended if you're interested in
- McCarthy, J. and A. Prince (1986)
Generalized alignment. [G7] In G.
Booij and J. van Marle, eds. Yearbook of Morphology, 1993.
Phonology topic 6: Syllables and moras
- Pike, K. L. and E. V. Pike
(1947) Immediate constituents of Mazateco syllables. [G16] International
Journal of American Linguistics 13,
- Fudge, E. C. (1969) Syllables. [G19]
Journal of Linguistics 5, 253-286.
- *Selkirk, E.
O. (1982) The syllable. [G17] In
H. van der Hulst and N. Smith, eds. The
Structure of Phonological Representations, Part II. Dordrecht:
- Clements, G. N. and S. J. Keyser
(1983) (Extract from) CV Phonology: A generative
theory of the syllable. [G10] Chapter
1 and sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 and 3.6 of the 1983 book.
- *Hayes, B. (1995) Metrical
Stress Theory, section 3.9.
- Hayes, B. (1989) Compensatory lengthening
in moraic phonology. [G18] Linguistic Inquiry 20,
- Ito, J. (1989) A prosodic theory of epenthesis. Natural
Language and Linguistic Theory 7, 217-259.
- Myers, S. (1987) Vowel shortening in English. Natural
and Linguistic Theory 5, 485-518.
- Borowsky, T. (1989) Structure preservation and the syllable coda
in English. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 7,
- What is the structure of syllables in English?
- What are syllables, and what is their internal structure?
Phonology 7: Psycholinguistic evidence for syllable structure
Essay question: Who is right, Pierrehumbert and Nair or Treiman
- Meyer, A. S. (1991) The time course of phonological
in language production: phonological encoding inside a syllable. Journal
of Memory and Language 30, 69-89.
- *Pierrehumbert, J. and R. Nair (1995) Word games and syllable
structure. Language and Speech 38 (1), 77-114.
- Treiman, R. and B. Kessler (1995) In defense of an onset-rime
syllable structure for English. Language and Speech 38
Phonology 8: Autosegmental Phonology and Morphology
Phonology 9: Constraint-based approaches to phonology
- Goldsmith, J. (1976) An overview of
Autosegmental Phonology. [G8] A revised version of chapter 1 of
Goldsmith's (1976) PhD thesis, Autosegmental
- McCarthy, J. (1981) A prosodic
of nonconcatenative morphology. [G9] Linguistic Inquiry 12,
- Prince, A. S. (1984) Phonology with
tiers. [G15] In M. Aronoff and R.
Oehrle, eds. Language Sound
Structure. MIT Press. 234-244.
- Clements, G. N. (1985) The geometry
of phonological features. [G11] Phonology Yearbook 2,
- Sommerstein, A. H. (1974) On
phonotactically motivated rules. [G5] Journal of Linguistics 10
- McCarthy, J. and A. Prince
(1986) Prosodic morphology. [G13]
- McCarthy, J. and A. Prince (1986)
Generalized alignment. [G7] In G. Booij and J. van Marle, eds. Yearbook of Morphology, 1993.
- Lakoff, G. (1993) Cognitive
Phonology. In J. Goldsmith, ed. The Last Phonological
Rule: reflections on constraints and derivations. 117-145.
- Scobbie, J. M., J. S. Coleman and S.
1996. Key Aspects of Declarative Phonology. In J. Durand and B. Laks,
eds. Current Trends in Phonology: Models and Methods. Volume 2.
European Studies Research Institute, University of Salford. 685-709. [Download in PDF format.]
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHONOLOGY AND PHONETICS
Phonetics/phonology topic 1: Gemination
- Carnochan, J. (1957) Gemination in Hausa. In Studies in
Linguistic Analysis. Special volume of the Philological Society.
- Palmer, F. R. (1957) Gemination in Tigrinya. In Studies in
Linguistic Analysis. 139-148.
- *Schein, B. and D. Steriade (1986) On geminates. Linguistic
Inquiry 17, 691-744.
Essay title: How can the view of gemination expressed by Schein
and Steriade and Lahiri and Hankamer be reconciled with Local and
- *Lahiri, A. and J. Hankamer (1988) The timing of geminate
consonants. Journal of Phonetics 16, 327-338.
- Smith, C. L. (1995) Prosodic patterns in the coordination of
vowel and consonant gestures. In B. Connell and A. Arvaniti, eds. Phonology
phonetic evidence: papers in laboratory phonology IV.
- *Local, J. and A. Simpson (1999) Phonetic implementation of
geminates in Malayalam nouns. Proceedings of the 14th International
of Phonetic Sciences Vol. 1, 595-598. Downloads:
[ PDF | PostScript ]
Phonetics/phonology topic 2: Secondary articulation and
- *Chomsky, N. and M. Halle (1968) The Sound Pattern of English,
- Öhman, S. E. G. (1965) Coarticulation in VCV utterances:
spectrographic measurements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of
America 39, 151-168.
- Whalen, D. H. (1990) Coarticulation is largely planned. Journal
of Phonetics 18, 3-35.
Seeking the limits of coarticulation
- *Kent, R. D. and F. D. Minifie (1977) Coarticulation in recent
speech production models. Journal of Phonetics 5,
- *Browman, C. P. and L. Goldstein (1990) Tiers in articulatory
phonology, with some implications for casual speech.
- *Keating, P. A. (1990) The window model of
coarticulation: articulatory evidence. Both in J. Kingston and M.
E. Beckman, eds. Papers in Laboratory Phonology 1: Between the
Grammar and Physics of Speech. 341-376 and
- Blackburn, C. S. and S. Young (2000) A self-learning
predictive model of articulator movements during speech production. Journal
of the Acoustical Society of America 107, 1659-1670.
Phonetics/phonology topic 3: Theoretical views on perceptual
- Kelly, J. and J. Local (1989) Doing Phonology pp. 72-4,
88-9, 132, 212-6.
- Kelly, J. and J. Local (1986) Long domain resonance
in English. International Conference on Speech Input/Output;
and Applications. 304-309.
- West P. (1999). The extent of coarticulation of English liquids:
An acoustic and articulatory study. Proceedings of the XIVth
International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Vol. 3, 1901-4.
- Heid, S.
and S. Hawkins (2000) An acoustical study of long domain /r/ and
Essay title: Summarise and critically appraise any TWO theories
- Liberman, A. M., F. S. Cooper, D. P. Shankweiler, and M.
StuddertKennedy (1967) Perception of the speech code. Psychological
Review 74 (6), 431-461.
- *Liberman, A. M., and I. G. Mattingley (1985) The motor theory
of speech perception revised. Cognition 21, 1-36.
- Papers by Lindblom, Stevens, Ohala and Fowler in Journal of
the Acoustical Society of America 99 (3).
Phonetics/phonology topic 4: The phonetics-phonology interface
- *Chomsky, N. and M. Halle (1968) The Sound Pattern of English
- *Mohanan, K. P. (1986) The Theory of Lexical Phonology
- Halle, M. (1983) On distinctive features and their articulatory
implementation. Natural Language and Lingusitic Theory 1,
Essay question: Assuming that Trubetzkoy is right (see Coleman
p. 21), what specific mechanisms seem to be necessary to relate
phonological representations to phonetic representations?
- Browman, C. P. and L. M. Goldstein (1986) Towards an
phonology. Phonology Yearbook 3, 219-252.
- Keating, P. A. (1988a) Underspecification in phonetics. Phonology
- Keating, P. A. (1988b) The phonology-phonetics interface. In F.
Newmeyer (ed.) The Cambridge Linguistic Survey, vol. I: Linguistic
Theory: Foundations 281-302.
- Ladefoged, P. (1988) The many interfaces between phonetics and
phonology. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics 70, 13-23.
- Pierrehumbert, J. B. (1990) Phonological and phonetic
representation. Journal of Phonetics 28, 375-394.
- Coleman, J. S. (1992) The phonetic interpretation of headed
phonological structures containing overlapping constituents. Phonology
9 (1), 1-44.
Phonetics/phonology topic 5: Phonetics and phonology in the
Essay question: In what form are words represented in the mental
- Ganong III, W. F., (1980) Phonetic categorization in auditory
word perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human
Perception and Performance 6 (1), 110-125.
- *Hooper, J. B. (1981) The empirical determination of
phonological representations. In T. Myers et al. (eds.) The
cognitive representation of speech. 347-357.
- Kuhl, P. K. (1992) Speech prototypes: studies on the nature,
function, ontogeny and phylogeny of the "centers" of speech categories.
In Y. Tohkura, E. Vatikiotis-Bateson and Y. Sagisaka, eds. Speech
perception, production and linguistic structure. 239-264.
- Johnson, K. (1997) Speech perception without speaker
normalization. In K. Johnson and J. W. Mullenix, eds. Talker
variability in speech processing. 145-165.
- *Coleman, J. S. (1998) Cognitive reality and the phonological
lexicon: a review. Journal of Neurolinguistics 11 (3),