MSt/MPhil Phonetics Reading List
Michaelmas Term 2016

Some useful books. Note that we won't be "following a coursebook", but items marked with an asterisk are especially recommended for purchase.

*International Phonetic Association (1999) Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge University Press.

*Ladefoged, Peter (2001) Vowels and Consonants: an introduction to the sounds of languages. Blackwell.

Ladefoged, Peter and Ian Maddieson (1996) The Sounds of the World's Languages. Blackwell.

Laver, John (1994) Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge University Press.

Kelly, J. and J. Local (1989) Doing Phonology. Manchester University Press.

R. Jakobson, C. G. M. Fant, M. Halle (1952) Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: the distinctive features and their correlates. MIT Press.

Week 1: Breathing: more on respiration and airstream mechanisms

Draper, M. H., P. Ladefoged and D. Whitteridge (1959) Respiratory muscles in speech. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 2, 16-27.

Ohala, John J. (1990) Respiratory activity in speech. In W. J. Hardcastle and A. Marchal (eds.) Speech Production and Speech Modelling. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 25-53.

Lieberman, P., M. Sawashima, K. S. Harris and T. Gay (1970) The articulatory implementation of the breath-group and prominence: crico-thyroid muscular activity in intonation. Language 46 (2), 312-327.

Eklund, Robert (2008) Pulmonic ingressive phonation: Diachronic and synchronic characteristics, distribution and function in animal and human sound production and in human speech. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (3), 235-324.

Clements, G. N. and Sylvester Osu (2002) 
Explosives, implosives, and nonexplosives: the linguistic function of air pressure differences in stops.  In Carlos Gussenhoven & Natasha Warner, eds., Laboratory Phonology 7, 299-350.  Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (Preprint at

Demolin, D. (1995) The phonetics and phonology of glottalized consonants in Lendu. In B. Connell and A. Arvaniti, eds. Phonology and Phonetic Evidence: Papers in Laboratory Phonology IV. Cambridge University Press. 368-385.

Ladefoged, P. and A. Traill (1984) Linguistic phonetic description of clicks. Language 60, 1-20.

Wright, Melissa (2007) Clicks as markers of new sequences in English conversation. Proceedings of ICPhS XVI, Saarburcken, 1069-1072.

Simpson, Adrian (2007) Acoustic and auditory correlates of non-pulmonic sound production in German. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 37, 173-182.

Drew, Paul, and Elizabeth Holt (1998) Figures of Speech: Figurative Expressions and the Management of Topic Transition in Conversation. Language in Society 27 (4), 495-522. [A sociological (Conversation Analysis) paper dealing, inter alia, with the function of in-breaths in signaling a topic shift.]

Weeks 2 and 3: Phonation, voice, tone, glottalization, intonation

Hawkins, S. and N. Nguyen (2004) Influence of syllable-coda voicing on the acoustic properties of syllable-onset /l/ in English. Journal of Phonetics 32 (2), 199-31.

van den Berg, J. (1958) Myoelastic-aerodynamic theory of voice production. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 1, 227-244.

Lisker, L. and A. S. Abramson (1964) A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: acoustical measurements. Word 20, 384-422.

Lisker, L. and A. S. Abramson (1970) The voicing dimension: some experiments in comparative phonetics. Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Prague, 1967, 536-567. Reprinted in J. L. Miller, R. D. Kent, and B. S. Atal, eds. Papers in Speech Communication: Speech Perception. Acoustical Society of America. 379-383.

Chen, M. (1970) Vowel length variation as a function of the voicing of the consonant environment. Phonetica 22, 129-159.

Dinnsen, D. A. (1985) A re-examination of phonological neutralization. Journal of Linguistics 21, 265-279.

Edmondson, Jerold A., & Esling, John H. (2006). The valves of the throat and their functioning in tone, vocal register, and stress: laryngoscopic case studies. Phonology, 23(2), 157-191.

Esling, J. (1984) Laryngographic study of phonation type and laryngeal configuration. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 14, 56-73.

Ganong III, W. F. (1980) Phonetic categorization in auditory word perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 6, 110-125.

Kuhl, P. K, and J. D. Miller (1975) Speech perception by the chinchilla: Voiced-voiceless distinction in alveolar plosive consonants. Science, 190, 69-72.

Ladd, D. R. and R. Morton (1997) The perception of intonational emphasis: continuous or categorical? Journal of Phonetics 25, 313-342.

John Local and John Kelly (1986) Projection and 'silences': notes on phonetic and conversational structure. Human Studies 9, 185-204.

Week 4: Vowels, consonants, categories, the (un)realities of segments and phonemes

Cooper, F. S., P. C. Delattre, A. M. Liberman, J. M. Borst and L. J. Gerstman (1952) Some Experiments on the Perception of Synthetic Speech Sounds.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 24 (6), 597-606.

Delattre, P. C., A. M. Liberman and F. S. Cooper (1955) Acoustic Loci and Transitional Cues for Consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 27 (4), 769-773.

Fry, D. B., A. S. Abramson, P. D. Eimas and A. M. Liberman (1962) The identification and discrimination of synthetic vowels. Language and Speech 5, 171-189.

Harshman, R., P. Ladefoged and L. Goldstein (1977) Factor analysis of tongue shapes. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 62 (3), 693-707.

Hackett, J. A. (2004) Phoenician and Punic. In R. D. Woodard, ed. The Cambridge Enyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. 365-385.

Morais, José (1985) Literacy and awareness of the units of speech: implications for research on the units of perception. Linguistics 23, 707-721.

Abercrombie, David (1949) What is a 'letter'? Lingua vol. II. Reprinted in Studies in Phonetics and Linguistics.

Week 5: Vowel features and systems; synharmonism

Magen, H. S. (1997) The extent of vowel-to-vowel coarticulation in English. Journal of Phonetics 25, 187-205.

Beeler, M. S. (1970) Sibilant harmony in Chumash. International Journal of American Linguistics 36, 14-17.

Stewart, J. M. (1967) Tongue root position in Akan vowel harmony.
Phonetica 16, 185-204.

Tiede, M. K. (1996) An MRI-based study of pharyngeal volume contrasts in Akan and English. Journal of Phonetics 24, 399-421.

Week 6: Brain vs. mouth
    Coarticulation, multiple articulation, assimilation
    Lips and velum; distributed exponents of "voicing"

Öhman, S. E. G. (1966) Coarticulation in VCV utterances: spectrographic measurements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 39, 151-168.

Mowrey, R. A. and I. R. A. MacKay (1990) Phonological primitives: Electromyographic speech error evidence. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 88 (3), 1299-1312.

Nolan, F. (1992) The descriptive role of segments: evidence from assimilation. In G. J. Docherty and D. R. Ladd, Papers in Laboratory Phonology II: Gesture, Segment, Prosody. Cambridge University Press. 261-280.

Moll, K. L. and R. G. Daniloff (1971) Investigation of the timing of velar movements during speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 50, 678-684.

Lubker, J. and T. Gay (1982) Anticipatory labial coarticulation: Experimental, biological, and linguistic variables. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 71 (2), 437-448.

Browman, C. P. and L. Goldstein (1990) Tiers in articulatory phonology, with some implications for casual speech. In J. Kingston and M. Beckman, eds. Papers in Laboratory Phonology I: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech. Cambridge University Press. 341-376.

Fowler, C. A. (1980) Coarticulation and theories of extrinsic timing. Journal of Phonetics 8, 113-133.

Keating, P. A. (1990) The window model of coarticulation: articulatory evidence. In J. Kingston and M. E. Beckman, eds. Papers in Laboratory Phonology 1: Between the Grammar and Physics of Speech. 451-470.

Whalen, D. H. (1990) Coarticulation is largely planned. Journal of Phonetics 18, 3-35.