acoustic phonetics, statistics and comparative philology to
bring speech back from the past
we are trying to do
Indo-European digits database
Events/Activities/BlogSince before the start of the project, I've been tweeting about it at @sounds_ancient (http://twitter.com/sounds_ancient). Here I repeat a selection of the main highlights (and some dates for the future).
Tweets by @sounds_ancient
14 December 2016. John Coleman presented an
invited seminar at the Institute of Phonetics and Speech
Processing, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München
17 November 2016. Symposium on Statistics, Language Change and VariationTaylor Institution, Oxford. This symposium brought together a local network of researchers and visitors working in various disciplines, with a common interest in quantitative modelling of language evolution, variation and change, and their causes and impediments to change.
1:00 Buffet lunch - let us know your dietary requirements
1:30 Welcome and introductions
1:45 Alex BOUCHARD-CÔTÉ, Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, currently visiting Oxford
Probabilistic models of diachronic phonology and computational reconstruction methods
Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of lexical traits with borrowing, and statistical issues arising in the estimation of language trees
Statistical acoustic modelling of historical and prehistoric sound changes
3:45 Davide PIGOLI, Statistical Laboratory, Cambridge
Spatial modeling of sound change: dialectal variation in the spoken part of the British National Corpus
Modelling the spread of arbitrary innovations in language
25 July 2016. Local TV channel Cambridge TV did a nice piece about the project, focussing on the statistics and starring our photogenic colleagues Davide Pigole and Shahin Tavakoli.
July 2016. Dailymail.com carried an
article which was a
reasonable paraphrase of the Cambridge University
July 2016. Cambridge University
Office of External Affairs and Communications published a
article about our project, "Time Travelling to the
Mother Tongue". This piece was widely copied (sometimes as
a slightly garbled paraphrase) on various online news
9 May 2016. 5:15, Taylorian Institute, Oxford, Graduate Linguistics Seminar: "Acoustic modelling of historical and prehistoric sound change"
30 March-1 April 2016. "Modelling the changing rate and direction of historical and prehistoric sound changes." British Association of Academic Phoneticians, University of Lancaster.
January 2016. The
AHRC Science in Culture Innovation Award that
has been supporting J. Coleman's research time
for the past year has now ended. The summary
final report is available from here.
Even so, the Ancient Sounds research goes on ...
(and on and on, we hope!)
25-29 November 2015. London Mathematical Society at the Science Museum, London
12 November 2015. "Statistical Acoustic-Phonetic Historical Linguistics: a short introduction". Cambridge Language Sciences annual symposium. Slides (without audio) are here, and a nice video recording is here:
I posted demo of "five" from (Lithuanian) "penki". But
PIE has *penkwe, not penki. So here done better: https://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/five-from-penkwe.mp3 …
Starting to fill new table of Indo-European digit sounds at http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/ancient-sounds-database.html … New tokens of *treies, *ksweks, quinque and Ancient Gk, and *penkwe, *septm (wrong stress, but hey), quattuor (hybrid of Ladin kwater and Welsh pedwar, maybe too prominent). Comments +/- welcomed.
2 October 2015. A 78 rpm record of Sogdian from the Sorbonne Archive de la Parole, 1911-1914 [Bibliotheque nationale de France]: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/chant-sogdien.wav …
Here's the official
link: [Archives de la parole]. Langue sogdienne : [énoncé de
syllabes] : [chant] http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k128134q/f1.media …
24 September 2015. For slides and audio I gave at the British Science Festival or Oxford Alumni Weekend, look here: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/ancient-sounds-presentations.html … (NB big file)
22 September 2015. Great thing about acoustic (spectral) modelling of sound change is that you can quantify the rate and perhaps direction of change. At what rate did English "one" change from Old to Middle to Modern English? From 34 to 122 microradians per year.
8 September 2015. My university press office ran a blog post about the project today: http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/arts-blog/what-did-words-used-sound
1 July 2015. Balochi for "three" is [se:], from *tre(yes) via *te:. In this demo, [te:] is from Sindhi: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/Balochi-se-from-tre.wav …
http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/treis-to-tre.wav … We model the
loss of final -s by a kind of fade-out rather than an
all-or-nothing deletion. This gives an intermediate stage tres
http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/PIE-dwoH-to-Sindhi-buh.wav … (Not sure how convincing this one is; maybe we can improve it.)
8 June 2015. dw > b (in eg *dwoH) in a number of I-E languages: Lycian kbi, Avestan bae, bitya, Latin bi-, bis, and Sindhi http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/DUO-xlc-PK-SND-kbi-U0012-M0039-1P.wav …
tw > p in Ossetic tsuppor (from *kʷetwóres) http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/QUATTUOR-ira-oss-RU-SE-tsuppor-U0012-F0017.wav …
26 May 2015. "Three" comes from Proto-Indo-European "*treyes". Not from Spanish "tres", but that's the nearest I've got. Listen: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/three-from-treis.wav. Here's the MP3 version: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/three-from-treis.mp3 …
25 May 2015. "One" comes from Proto-Indo-European *oinos, via Middle English "oon", Anglo-Saxon "an", Germanic "oin(s)". Listen: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/one-from-oins.wav …
"One" from "oin(s)", MP3 format: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/one-from-oins.mp3 …
Previously [12th May] we generated a continuum of sounds from "two" to "twa" and vice-versa. Now, we follow "two" all the way back to Proto-Indo-European *dwo(H). WAV: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/two-from-dwo.wav … MP3: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/two-from-dwo.wav.mp3 …
18 May 2015. "Eight" came from Proto-Indo-European *Hokto, via changes something like this: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/eight-from-okto.wav … (MP3 version http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/eight-from-okto.mp3 …)
15 May 2015. "Four" comes from Anglo-Saxon "feower": http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/four-from-feower.wav …
15 May 2015.
"Five" comes via fif, fimf, pemp from Proto-Indo-European *penkwe.
Lithuanian penki is nearest living word. Listen: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/five-from-penki.wav …
12 May 2015. Simulating the derivation of Modern English "two" from Anglo-Saxon "twa": http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/two-from-twa.wav … Or if you prefer going forwards in time from Anglo-Saxon "twa" to Modern English "two": http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/twa-to-two.wav …
1 April 2015.
14 January 2015. AHRC Science in Culture Innovation Awards meeting, London. My presentation is available under "Presentations" (see link to the left).
|John Coleman is supported by a
Science in Culture Innovation Award from the
||John Aston is supported by a Fellowship from the|